The National Academy of Sciences, Republic of Korea(The NAS), was inaugurated on July 17, 1954, and entrusted with the duty of promoting the development of sciences and of facilitating the development of national culture. Founded on the legal basis of Culture Protection Act promulgated on August 7, 1952, The NAS initially comprised 50 members. On March 25, 1954, fifty members were selected among candidates around the nation : twenty-five from the humanities and social sciences and twenty-five from the natural sciences. Thirty-four years later, on December 31, 1988, the Culture Protection Act of 1952 was replaced by the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Korea Act. The ceiling quota of membership came to be 150.
The mission of The NAS is to contribute to the development of science through the recognition and support of scientists with outstanding achievements in the fields of humanities as well as social and natural sciences on a national level and also through the promotion of research and the support for related research programs.
- -Consultation and proposals on national policies related to the promotion of science.
- -Scientific research and support thereof.
- -Domestic and international academic exchanges and organizing academic events.
- -Presentation of the National Academy of Sciences Awards.
- -Other matters concerning the promotion of science.